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baelo-claudia-factory.jpgThe archaeological complex of Baelo Claudia is situated in the Bay of Bolonia, a small village in the province of Cádiz, 10 km down the coast from Zahara de los Atunes, and covers an area of 13 hectares. The town was never that powerful as some other Roman towns like Itálica in Seville, but it is the best-preserved Roman town of this era in the Iberian Peninsula. They say that nowhere else in Spain you will find such a complete view of a Roman town.

Baelo Claudia was founded at the end of the 2nd century BC. Under the emperor Claudius (41-54 AD) the town flourished the most. Most of the building activity took place during these years and around 2000 people used to live there. After the earthquake in the 2nd century the economic decline began. It was completely abandoned in the 7th century.

baelo-claudia-forum.jpgIts origin is closely linked to trade with North Africa, especially with what nowadays is Tangiers in Morocco. Reason for this was its strategic location close to the sea. Its main economic resource and commercial activity was fishing, mainly for tuna. It had a factory for salting fish, of which you can still see the remains. Another product Baelo Claudia was famous for during the first centuries AD was the Garum paste; a spicy seasoning derived from the fish.

baelo-claudia-theatre.jpgIf you follow the itinerary, walking down the main streets of the town, you get a good impression of how the Romans used to live. You enter the town close to the Eastern or Carteia Gate, a gate flanked by two towers. First of all you will see the remains of the forum, surrounded by various public buildings. This used to be the administrative, cultural and religious centre of the town. Further on there are the remains of the 3 temples dedicated to Jupiter, June and Minerva, and the temple of Isis. Furthest away of the main entrance you find the theatre, which is still used sometimes for special events. Other interesting sights are the thermal baths, the shops and the water supply systems. At the end of the itinerary, close to the beach, you will see the salting factory area with the salting basins. Along the tour there are information boards with some historical information about specific buildings and with some general historical information, but they are all in Spanish. At the entrance you can get some information in other languages as well.

Opening hours:
1 June – 30 September:
Tuesday to Saturday: 10.00h – 20.00h
Sundays and public holidays: 10.00h – 14.00h
Monday: closed

1 -31 October and 1 March – 31 May:
Tuesday to Saturday: 10.00h – 19.00h
Sundays and public holidays: 10.00h – 14.00h
Monday: closed

1 November – 28 February:
Tuesday to Saturday: 10.00h – 18.00h
Sundays and public holidays: 10.00h – 14.00h
Monday: closed

EU citizen: free
Non-EU citizen: € 1,50

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